What Are the Different Types of Surgery Used in Cancer Treatment?
Surgery is a part of cancer treatment where a doctor removes the cancerous part affecting the patient’s organs. Surgery is one of the many techniques an oncologist uses to treat cancer patients in the oncology hospital in Bangalore.
Each type of cancer has a different treatment method and depends on many things, such as the stage of cancer at which it has been detected, the damage that has been done so far by cancer, and the area in which cancer has been found, etc.
The localized spread of the cancers is easier to treat. Sizeable tumors that have been created by the cancerous cells are removed by the Oncologists, and then localized, or targeted treatment is provided to kill the cancerous cells in the area.
When the area is too big, or the spread is large, other techniques such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, etc., are used by the oncologists in the best hospital for cancer surgery in Bangalore.
Cancer Treatment Methodology
The cancer treatment course is decided by the oncologist once the patient has been diagnosed with cancer, along with the stage at which the patient is currently in. Based on the type of cancer, the presence of tumors or polyps and other cancerous formations, the spread of the cancer cells, etc., the oncologist decides how to go about the cancer treatment course.
In most cases, if there is a sizeable presence of a cancerous formation, it is to be first surgically removed by the surgeon. After this, the level of cancer spread is analyzed again, and one of the following treatment methods is used such as –
One of the most common methods to treat cancerous cells that cannot be surgically removed is using chemotherapy, where chemicals are used to kill or restrict the growth of the cancerous cells.
- Radiation therapy
In this method, radiation is provided to the area where cancerous cells are present to either shrink them, kill them or control the spread of the cancerous cells in the region.
Types of Cancer Surgeries
Below are the types of cancer surgeries that are done at the oncology hospital in Bangalore:
Preventative surgeries are done to remove any suspicious formations in the body which could later on become cancerous such as polyps in the colon or rectum.
Corrective surgery is done to remove the cancerous tumors present in the body, which eliminates cancer formation in the patient, such as brain tumors.
When the cancer is advanced and spread to various parts of the body, only palliative care can be provided, and this kind of surgery helps in pain management and removing any discomfort because of cancer, such as colon surgery for bowel movement, and mouth surgery for mouth cancer, etc.
A type of surgery where the cancer cells need to be extracted from a difficult-to-reach portion of the body. A few tissues or part of the cancerous portion is removed to further investigate and diagnose the disease in the patient.
After the corrective surgery, sometimes a patient needs to undergo another surgery to restore the appearance of the area, such as facial surgeries, breast reconstruction surgery, etc.